An assembly of meshed gears consisting of a central or sun gear, a coaxial inner or ring equipment, and one or more intermediate pinions supported on a revolving carrier. Occasionally the term planetary gear teach is utilized broadly as a synonym for epicyclic gear teach, or narrowly to indicate that the ring gear is the set member. In a simple planetary gear teach the pinions mesh concurrently with both coaxial gears (observe illustration). With the central equipment set, a pinion rotates about any of it as a world rotates about its sun, and the gears are called accordingly: the central gear may be the sunlight, and the pinions are the planets.
This is a concise, ‘single’ stage planetary gearset where in fact the output is derived from another ring gear varying a few teeth from the principal.
With the initial model of 18 sun teeth, 60 ring teeth, and 3 planets, this led to a ‘single’ stage gear reduction of -82.33:1.
A normal planetary gearset of the size would have a decrease ratio of 4.33:1.
That is a whole lot of torque in a small package.
At Nominal Voltage
Voltage (Nominal) 12V
Voltage Range (Recommended) 3V – 12V
Speed (No Load)* 52 rpm
Current (No Load)* 0.21A
Current (Stall)* 4.9A
Torque (Stall)* 291.6 oz-in (21 kgf-cm)
Gear Ratio 231:1
Gear Material Metal
Gearbox Style Planetary
Motor Type DC
Output Shaft Diameter 4mm (0.1575”)
Output Shaft Style D-shaft
Result Shaft Support Dual Ball Bearing
Electrical Connection Male Spade Terminal
Operating Temperature -10 ~ +60°C
Installation Screw Size M2 x 0.4mm
Product Weight 100g (3.53oz)
Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar system. This is how planetary gears obtained their name.
The components of a planetary gear train could be divided into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In nearly all cases the casing is fixed. The driving sun pinion is definitely in the center of the ring equipment, and is coaxially organized with regards to the output. The sun pinion is usually attached to a clamping system in order to provide the mechanical link with the electric motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between the sun pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The amount of teeth does not have any effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets can also vary. As the number of planetary gears increases, the distribution of the strain increases and then the torque which can be transmitted. Raising the number of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since just part of the total output needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary gear is extremely efficient. The advantage of a planetary equipment compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. Hence, it is feasible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact style using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear includes a constant size, different ratios could be realized by varying the number of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of teeth of the planetary gears. Small the sun gear, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage can be approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely small above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting a number of planetary phases in series in the same band gear. In this case, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques could be overlaid by having a band gear that is not set but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. It is also possible to repair the drive shaft in order to pick up the torque via the ring gear. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in many areas of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds must be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios may also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and compact design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in industrial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Almost unlimited transmission ratio options because of combination of several planet stages
Suitable as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that portion of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for a wide variety of applications
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur equipment takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is how planetary gears obtained their name.
The components of a planetary gear train can be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In the majority of cases the housing is fixed. The traveling sun pinion is definitely in the center of the ring equipment, and is coaxially organized in relation to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually attached to a clamping system to be able to offer the mechanical link with the electric motor shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between the sunlight pinion and the ring equipment. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth does not have any effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets may also vary. As the amount of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and therefore the torque that can be transmitted. Raising the number of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since just area of the total result has to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The benefit of a planetary equipment compared to an individual spur gear is based on this load distribution. Hence, it is feasible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a concise design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear includes a continuous size, different ratios can be realized by various the number of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of tooth of the planetary gears. Small the sun gear, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is certainly approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting many planetary phases in series in the same band gear. In this case, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that’s not set but is driven in any direction of rotation. It is also possible to fix the drive shaft to be able to grab the torque via the ring gear. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in many regions of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly well established in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios can also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in commercial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options because of combination of several planet stages
Ideal as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that area of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
Epicyclic gearbox can be an automatic type gearbox where parallel shafts and gears arrangement from manual equipment box are replaced with an increase of compact and more reliable sun and planetary type of gears arrangement as well as the manual clutch from manual power train is certainly replaced with hydro coupled clutch or torque convertor which made the transmission automatic.
The thought of epicyclic gear box is taken from the solar system which is considered to an ideal arrangement of objects.
The epicyclic gearbox usually comes with the P N R D S (Parking, Neutral, Invert, Drive, Sport) settings which is obtained by fixing of sun and planetary gears according to the require of the drive.
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference operate between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar system. This is one way planetary gears acquired their name.
The components of a planetary gear train could be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In nearly all cases the housing is fixed. The traveling sun pinion is certainly in the heart of the ring gear, and is coaxially arranged in relation to the output. The sun pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to offer the mechanical connection to the motor shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between the sunlight pinion and the band gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the mandatory torque. The number of teeth has no effect on the tranny ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets may also vary. As the amount of planetary gears improves, the distribution of the strain increases and therefore the torque that can be transmitted. Raising the number of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since just section of the total output has to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is incredibly efficient. The advantage of a planetary equipment compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. Hence, it is possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a concise design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios can be realized by different the number of teeth of sunlight gear and the number of tooth of the planetary gears. Small the sun equipment, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting several planetary stages in series in the same band gear. In cases like this, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques could be overlaid by having a band gear that is not set but is driven in any direction of rotation. It is also possible to fix the drive shaft in order to pick up the torque via the ring gear. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in lots of areas of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds must be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High tranny ratios can also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in industrial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Almost unlimited transmission ratio options because of mixture of several planet stages
Appropriate as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that part of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
In a planetary gearbox, many teeth are involved at once, that Planetary Gear Transmission allows high speed reduction to be performed with relatively small gears and lower inertia reflected back again to the motor. Having multiple teeth discuss the load also enables planetary gears to transmit high levels of torque. The combination of compact size, large speed decrease and high torque tranny makes planetary gearboxes a popular choice for space-constrained applications.
But planetary gearboxes perform involve some disadvantages. Their complexity in design and manufacturing can make them a more expensive remedy than additional gearbox types. And precision production is really important for these gearboxes. If one planetary gear is put closer to the sun gear compared to the others, imbalances in the planetary gears can occur, resulting in premature wear and failing. Also, the compact footprint of planetary gears makes warmth dissipation more difficult, so applications that operate at high speed or encounter continuous procedure may require cooling.
When utilizing a “standard” (i.e. inline) planetary gearbox, the motor and the driven equipment must be inline with each other, although manufacturers provide right-angle designs that incorporate other gear sets (frequently bevel gears with helical the teeth) to supply an offset between your input and output.
Input power (max)27 kW (36 hp)
Input speed (max)2800 rpm2
Output torque (intermittent)12,880 Nm(9,500 lb-ft)
Output torque (continuous)8,135 Nm (6,000 lb-ft)
1 Actual ratio is dependent on the drive configuration.
2 Max input speed linked to ratio and max output speed
3 Max radial load positioned at optimum load position
4 Weight varies with configuration and ratio selected
5 Requires tapered roller planet bearings (unavailable with all ratios)
Approximate dry weight100 -181 kg (220 – 400 lb)4
Radial load (max)14,287kg (31,500 lb)3
Drive typeSpeed reducer
Hydraulic engine input SAE C or D hydraulic
A planetary transmission program (or Epicyclic system since it can be known), consists normally of a centrally pivoted sunlight gear, a ring gear and several world gears which rotate between these.
This assembly concept explains the word planetary transmission, as the earth gears rotate around the sun gear as in the astronomical sense the planets rotate around our sun.
The benefit of a planetary transmission is determined by load distribution over multiple planet gears. It is thereby feasible to transfer high torques utilizing a compact design.
Gear assembly 1 and equipment assembly 2 of the Ever-Power 500/14 have two selectable sunlight gears. The first equipment stage of the stepped world gears engages with sunlight gear #1. The next equipment step engages with sun gear #2. With sunlight gear 1 or 2 2 coupled to the axle,or the coupling of sun gear 1 with the ring gear, three ratio variants are achievable with each equipment assembly.
Direct Gear 1:1
Example Gear Assy (1) and (2)
With direct gear selected in gear assy (1) or (2), the sun gear 1 is in conjunction with the ring equipment in gear assy (1) or gear assy (2) respectively. The sun gear 1 and ring gear then rotate jointly at the same speed. The stepped world gears do not unroll. Thus the apparatus ratio is 1:1.
Gear assy (3) aquires direct gear based on the same principle. Sun gear 3 and band gear 3 are directly coupled.
Many “gears” are utilized for automobiles, however they are also utilized for many additional machines. The most frequent one may be the “transmitting” that conveys the energy of engine to tires. There are broadly two roles the transmission of a car plays : one is usually to decelerate the high rotation acceleration emitted by the engine to transmit to tires; the additional is to change the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or generating speed of an automobile.
The rotation speed of an automobile’s engine in the overall state of generating amounts to 1 1,000 – 4,000 rotations per minute (17 – 67 per second). Because it is impossible to rotate tires with the same rotation swiftness to perform, it is necessary to lessen the rotation speed utilizing the ratio of the number of gear teeth. This kind of a role is called deceleration; the ratio of the rotation swiftness of engine and that of wheels is called the reduction ratio.
Then, exactly why is it necessary to change the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed ? This is because substances need a large force to begin moving however they do not require this kind of a big force to keep moving once they have began to move. Automobile could be cited as a good example. An engine, nevertheless, by its nature can’t so finely modify its output. For that reason, one adjusts its result by changing the reduction ratio utilizing a transmission.
The transmission of motive power through gears very much resembles the principle of leverage (a lever). The ratio of the number of tooth of gears meshing with one another can be considered as the ratio of the length of levers’ arms. That is, if the reduction ratio is large and the rotation rate as output is lower in comparison compared to that as input, the energy output by transmitting (torque) will be huge; if the rotation velocity as output is not so low in comparison to that as insight, however, the energy output by tranny (torque) will be small. Thus, to change the decrease ratio utilizing transmission is much akin to the theory of moving things.
Then, how does a transmission modify the reduction ratio ? The answer is based on the system called a planetary gear mechanism.
A planetary gear system is a gear system consisting of 4 components, namely, sunlight gear A, several planet gears B, internal equipment C and carrier D that connects planet gears as observed in the graph below. It has a very complex structure rendering its design or production most challenging; it can realize the high decrease ratio through gears, however, it really is a mechanism suitable for a reduction system that requires both little size and high performance such as transmission for automobiles.
The planetary speed reducer & gearbox is some sort of transmission mechanism. It utilizes the acceleration transducer of the gearbox to lessen the turnover number of the motor to the mandatory one and get a large torque. How will a planetary gearbox work? We are able to learn more about it from the framework.
The main transmission structure of the planetary gearbox is planet gears, sun gear and ring gear. The ring gear is situated in close contact with the internal gearbox case. The sun gear driven by the exterior power lies in the center of the ring gear. Between your sun gear and ring gear, there is a planetary gear set comprising three gears equally built-up at the earth carrier, which is certainly floating among them relying on the support of the output shaft, ring equipment and sun gear. When the sun equipment can be actuated by the input power, the planet gears will be driven to rotate and then revolve around the guts together with the orbit of the ring equipment. The rotation of the planet gears drives the result shaft connected with the carrier to output the power.
Planetary speed reducer applications
Planetary speed reducers & gearboxes have a whole lot of advantages, like small size, light weight, high load capability, long service life, high reliability, low noise, huge output torque, wide variety of speed ratio, high efficiency and so on. Besides, the planetary swiftness reducers gearboxes in Ever-Power are made for square flange, which are easy and practical for installation and suitable for AC/DC servo motors, stepper motors, hydraulic motors etc.
Due to these advantages, planetary gearboxes can be applied to the lifting transportation, engineering machinery, metallurgy, mining, petrochemicals, structure machinery, light and textile industry, medical equipment, device and gauge, automobile, ships, weapons, aerospace and other commercial sectors.
The primary reason to use a gearhead is that it creates it possible to regulate a large load inertia with a comparatively small motor inertia. Without the gearhead, acceleration or velocity control of the load would require that the motor torque, and therefore current, would need to be as much times better as the decrease ratio which is used. Moog offers a selection of windings in each framework size that, combined with an array of reduction ratios, offers an range of solution to result requirements. Each mixture of engine and gearhead offers unique advantages.
Precision Planetary Gearheads
gearheads
32 mm LOW PRICED Planetary Gearhead
32 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
52 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
62 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
81 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
120 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
Planetary gearheads are suitable for transmitting high torques as high as 120 Nm. Generally, the larger gearheads include ball bearings at the gearhead result.
Properties of the Ever-Power planetary gearhead:
– For transmitting of high torques up to 180 Nm
– Reduction ratios from 4:1 to 6285:1
– High efficiency in the tiniest of spaces
– High reduction ratio in an extremely small package
– Concentric gearhead insight and output
Versions:
– Plastic version
– Ceramic version
– High-power gearheads
– Heavy-duty gearheads
– Gearheads with minimal backlash
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision significantly less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, compact size and competitive cost. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures stability in applications with belt tranny. Fast installation for your equipment.
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, small size and competitive price. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures balance in applications with belt transmitting. Fast installation for your equipment.
1. Planetary ring equipment material: metal steel
2. Bearing at result type: Ball bearing
3. Max radial load (12mm range from flange): 550N
4. Max shaft axial load: 500N
5. Backlash: 18 arcmin
6. Gear ratio from 3 to 216
7. Planetary gearbox duration from 79 to 107mm
NEMA34 Precision type Planetary Gearbox for nema 34 Gear Stepper Engine 50N.m (6944oz-in) Rated Torque
This gear ratio is 5:1, if need other gear ratio, please e mail us.
Input motor shaft request :
suitable with standard nema34 stepper motor shaft 14mm diameter*32 size(Including pad elevation). (plane and Circular shaft and important shaft both available)
The difference between the economical and precision Nema34 planetary reducer:
First of all: the financial and precise installation strategies are different. The input of the economical retarder assembly may be the keyway (ie the output shaft of the engine is an assembleable keyway motor); the insight of the precision reducer assembly is clamped and the input electric motor shaft is a flat or circular shaft or keyway. The shaft could be mounted (notice: the keyway shaft could be removed after the key is removed).
Second, the economical and precision planetary gearboxes possess the same drawings and sizes. The primary difference is: the materials is different. Accurate gear systems are superior to economical gear units with regards to transmission efficiency and precision, as well as heat and sound and torque output balance.